In 1893 the architect Victor Horta designed the first Art nouveau building for professor Emile Tassel. This terrace house was the first convincing example of the rejuvenation that architecture was to undergo. This project soon let to new opportunities: mansions for Armand Solvay and Edmond Van Eetvelde, the Maison du Peuple for the Socialist Party,… To profuse variety of colour in the interior, the direct expression of programmatic needs in its architecture, the transformation of purely technical demands, the visible use of steel beams in the interior, the play of natural light inside the building, the same elements that are found in Victor Horta’s work.
Paul Hankar’s influence determined the course of the further development of Art Nouveau. His achievements bear testimony to his love of building materials and colourful combinations of them, of traditional methods and techniques. A striking feature of Hankar’s numerous shop fronts is the slenderness and elegance of the woodwork, which looks as if it was curved and bent by nature itself. Henry van de Velde considers the “line as a force”, as an elementary force of nature.
The example of pioneers like Horta, Hankar and van de Velde lead to the influence of Art Nouveau spreading from Brussels to the whole of Europe.
Brussels soon evolved from a beautiful 19th century city abundant with remarkable examples of eclectic architecture, into the capital of Art Nouveau. Once it had found its real domain, Art Nouveau diverged into various styles: Horta adepts like Gustave Strauven and Ernst Blérot, further developed its floral aspects. Léon Sneyers and Paul Hamesse, both students of Paul Hankar, developed the pure rationality of architecture to the point where the bare white plane had acquired a right to exist as architecture. Designers like Paul Cauchie, Victor Taelemans, Jean-Baptiste Dewin each tried to find their own personal style within this geometric trend. The street was transformed into a stage for unfolding of a oeuvre, the peak of artistic skill and workmanship.
|Ernest Blérot||architect, decorator, property developer||1870-1957|
|Paul Cauchie||architect, painter, decorator, sgraffito specialist, designer||1844-1952|
|Adolphe Crespin||painter-decorator, poster artist, sgraffito author||1859-1944|
|Fernand Dubois||sculptor, silversmith||1861-1939|
|Alfred William Finch||painter, engraver, ceramist||1854-1930|
|Paul Hamesse||architect, decorator, designer||1877-1956|
|Paul Hankar||architect, decorator, designer||1859-1901|
|Victor Horta||architect, decorator, designer||1861-1947|
|Privat Livemont||poster artist||1861-1936|
|Antoine Pompe||architect, silversmith, designer||1873-1980|
|Paul Saintenoy||architect, decorator||1862-1952|
|Gustave Serrurier-Bovy||architect, cabinetmaker, decorator||1858-1910|
|Léon Sneyers||architect, designer, cabinetmaker||1877-1948|
|Gustave Strauven||architect, inventor||1878-1919|
|Henry van de Velde||painter, architect, decorator, designer, cabinetmaker||1863-1957|
|Philippe Wolfers||silversmith, jewel designer, sculptor||1858-1929|
|Pierre & François Loze;||Belgique Art Nouveau- De Victor Horta à Antoine Pompe,
EIFFEL Editions, 1991, ISBN 2-930010-05-3
|Franco Borsi & Hans Wieser||Bruxelles- Capitale de l'Art Nouveau
Marc Vokar Editeur, 1992, ISBN 2-87012-008-7
|Françoise Dierkens-Aubry & Jos Vandenbreeden||Art Nouveau en Belgique- Architecture & Interieurs
Editions DUCULOT, 1991, ISBN 2-8011-0956-8
|Eric Hennaut||La Façade Art Nouveau à Bruxelles - Artisans et Métiers
Editions Archives d'Art Modernes, 2005, ISBN 2-87143-159-0
|Françoise Aubry, Christine Bastin & Jacques Evrard||Art Nouveau à Bruxelles. De l'architecture à l'ornementalisme
Editions Quo Vadis, 2005, ISBN 2-9600394-4-0
|Anne Van Loo & Fabrice Van de Kerckove||Henry Van de Velde, Récit de ma vie
Anvers-Bruxelles-Paris-Berlin I 1863-1900, Editions VersA Flammarion, 1992, ISBN 2-08-010907-3
|Anne Van Loo & Fabrice Van de Kerckove||Henry Van de Velde, Récit de ma vie
Berlin-Weimar-Paris-Bruxelles II 1900-1917, Editions VersA Flammarion, 1995, ISBN 2-08-010908-1
|Guy Dessicy, Françoise Dierkens-Aubry, Bruno Fornari, Jos Vandendreeden, Marc Henricot, Linda Van Santvoort, & René Dalemans||Paul Cauchie - Décorateur, Architecte, Peintre,
Editions Maison Cauchie, 1994
|Françoise Aubry, Christine Bastin & Jacques Evrard|| Horta ou la passion de l'architecture
Editions Ludion, 2005, ISBN 90-5544-571-1
|François Loyer, Paul Hankar|| La Naissance de l'Art Nouveau
Editions Archives d'Architecture Moderne, 1986, ISBN 2-87143-043-8
Art Nouveau in Brussels
La maison Autrique
Les Musées royaux d’Art et d’Histoire (MRAH) – De Koninklijke Musea voor Kunst en Geschiedenis (KMKG)
Archives d’Architecture Moderne
What is behind the Brussels Art Nouveau façades? Are there any original interiors? Is the interior decor as beautiful as the facade?
Designed to be viewed on all types of devices, Inside Art Nouveau will allow visitors, whether facing a building or installed comfortably behind their screen at home, to discover inaccessible Brussels Art Nouveau interiors to the general public thanks to documents as diverse as plans, photographs or old or contemporary postcards.
Promoted by the Horta Museum Editions, the collector Jonathan Mangelinckx and the art historian Borys Delobbe (UCLouvain), the series “Belgian Art Nouveau: Vision, Design & Craft” intends to renew our understanding of the different looks that have crossed in Belgium in the struggle for a new aesthetic in applied arts at the turn of the 19th century.
The Horta Museum – Saint-Gilles unveils a new exhibition devoted to ornament. Entitled “The Art Nouveau ornament”, it presents a selection whose objective is to show a representative selection of the creations of major artists of European Art Nouveau such as William Morris, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Hector Guimard, Morris Denis and Josef Hoffmann.
Modesty is at the heart of Rassenfosse’s work, which explored all its facets, nuances and limits, with extraordinary consistency and continuity. This attitude makes him an artist out of time, entirely given over to a carnal passion, very controlled, subtle, showing himself to be full of restraint, as if to make it last, without wanting to exhaust it by the slightest excess.
Fabric and wallpaper in Brussels houses Art Nouveau was a very significant period for the creation of wallpaper and fabrics. Inside Art Nouveau buildings, both Victor Horta and his contemporaries gave meaning to the concept of total art and revolutionised the applied arts, abolishing the hierarchy between different forms of plastic art. Original motifs, complex… Read more »
This new interpretation center aims to offer visitors a wider range of explanations for all audiences (ages 7 to 77) of all nationalities. An animated movie, freely inspired by Monty Python, tells the life and work of Victor Horta.Archival images will come to life in a sometimes offbeat universe, sometimes faithful to the master’s one.… Read more »
Hôtel Aubecq is one of Victor Horta’s finest achievements, as regards both the built result and the relationship that the architect had with the client, Octave Aubecq, throughout the conception of the project. Aubecq was authoritarian and peremptory, Horta stubborn and clever: both men hit it off wonderfully! Hôtel Aubecq was sold in 1948 with… Read more »
New horizons in Central Europe, 1914-1938 The end of WWI and the Austro-Hungarian Empire also meant the revival of major developments in the art world. Political and economic shifts led to artistic migrations, new ideas and perspectives and new artistic networks sprang up all over the place. Artists met up in arts centres and international… Read more »
On the occasion of its triple anniversary – 100 years of the sale of the house by Horta himself, 50 years of the inauguration of the museum, 30 years of restoration – the Horta Museum (Saint-Gilles) unveils three new exhibitions highlighting one facet unknown by the architect, Victor Horta, collector. The three exhibitions take place… Read more »
The BANAD Festival is a special event that promotes the Art Nouveau and Art Deco heritage of the Brussels-Capital Region. It takes place every year in March, and in 2019 from 16 to 31 March. At the heart of the festival are guided tours of the interiors of Art Nouveau and Art Deco buildings that… Read more »
Collectors, yesterday and today: ART NOUVEAU AND JAPONISM The Horta Museum invites you on 4 June in the morning to its new conference “Collectors, yesterday and today: Art Nouveau and Japonism” organised as part of the Horta Museum’s triple exhibition “Collectors Collection”, presented until 30 June 2019. Free entry but compulsory registration at email@example.com More… Read more »
The ARTONOV Festival is back from October 7 to 13, 2019.The ARTONOV Festival has continued to grow in scale. Therefore, it proposes a whole week of international and Belgian interdisciplinary performances for a constantly growing audience. The ARTONOV Festival remains faithful to its vision: a sensory journey where the architectural space becomes the breath of art.… Read more »
The theme of this 5th edition is « The intuition of the gesture ». The gesture of an artist’s body movement is the starting point of the performance. They carry inside them the intuition of the entire work and its creative power. The body is the common denominator, an essential interdisciplinary element.
On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the RANN, urban.brussels, founding member of RANN, is hosting an international symposium in Brussels, co-organised by RANN and urban.brussels in partnership with the Horta Museum and CIVA, on the theme “Interiors of the Art Nouveau period : analyse, restore, make accessible”.
Les estaminets bruxellois offrent des atmosphères très variées. Certains d’entre eux ont conservé leur décor Art nouveau ou Art déco. Leurs vitraux, leurs boiseries précieuses aux courbes élégantes et leurs comptoirs rutilants se souviennent de la Belle Époque, des années folles et jazzy. Ils témoignent de l’évolution des goûts : grands cafés lumineux, ouverts, animés… Read more »
In a partnership bringing together the museological and academic worlds, the Museum has been working with the Laboratoire Alice at ULB’s La Cambre-Horta Faculty of Architecture, alongside professors Denis Derycke and Michel Provoost and their students. This collaboration, begun in 2015, will come to fruition in December 2019 with the unveiling of a partial 3D reconstruction of the Maison du Peuple.
Conférence par Jean Heyblom, historien et président du CHB Des architectes comme Victor Horta, Paul Hankar et bien d’autres ont fait de Bruxelles la ville d’Europe au patrimoine Art Nouveau le plus fourni et le plus diversifié. Ce sont les tenants et les aboutissants de ce courant architectural que vous allez découvrir dans cette conférence… Read more »
On Saturday March 7, 2020 at 6 p.m., at the Brussels book fair, the Horta Museum editions are organising – following the release of the expected book “Belgian Art Nouveau: Towards the ideal” – a conference dedicated to Belgian Art Nouveau. Under the moderation of Borys Delobbe (UCLouvain), it will confront the three big Belgian names in Art Nouveau: Françoise Aubry (honorary curator of the Horta Museum), Werner Adriaenssens (curator at the Art & History Museum) and Anne Pluymaekers (director from the Culture pole of the European Center for Research and Training in the Glass Arts).